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YOU ARE IN   Home - DESTINATIONS>Stromboli Island Volcano

(Aeolian Islands)



Country: Italy
Volcano number: 0101-05
Summit Elevation: 950 m
Latitude: 3878'''N
Longitude: 152'13'E
Last eruption: 2019
Type: Stratovolcano

Stromboli ash cloud
Ash cloud from Stromboli volcano craters. Credits


Stromboli island is the farest aeolian island to the sicilian mainland. It's a steep cone

During the historical period, the Fossa cone and Vulcanello have been the site of frequent and vigorous eruptions having different eruptive style compared to Stromboli volcano or Etna volcano.


Vulcano island main crater and the fumarolic activity



Vulcano island last eruption

The most recent eruption at Vulcano island is the 1888-1890 eruption from the Gran Cratere  or Fossa di Vulcano, a large crater truncating the Fossa cone. Such eruption, one of the best observed eruption (by prof. Silvestri) during XIX century, started on August 3rd 1889 ending (with several breaks) on March 1890.  Volcanologists use the 1888-1890 vulcano island eruption as model of the "vulcanian eruptions".

Vulcanello and Lipari island as seen from La Fossa crater rim

Vulcanello as seen from Vulcano island crater rim

Stromboli island activity at nowdays

Recently, the Gran Cratere of the Fossa cone has been the site of volcanic unrest which began around 1985 and ended in 1995 without culminating in an eruption. Moreover, the most notably sign was an increase of the fumarolic activity. This episode has triggered increased public awareness about the volcanic risk at Vulcano and intense studies of the volcano. Geological studies have shown that most eruptions of the Fossa cone have been violently explosive and produced pyroclastic flows and surges. Future eruptions have to be expected to be of a similar character.

At nowdays a field of active fumaroles and extensive sulfur deposits lies in the northern-central portion of this crater. It provides a thrilling experience for those who dare to walk (or run) right across the gas plume emitted from the fumaroles. The vivid stench of sulfur dioxide within the plume is just the most evident indicator of toxic gases. It is advisable to stay as briefly as possible within the plume and better wear a gas mask. Prolonged stays in the plume may lead to undesirable effects, such as the (irreversible) loss of the sense of smell.

You can take a day trip to Stromboli, but it is better to stay at least one night in order to climb the volcano and see the dramatic lava flows and explosions against the night sky. It's a 3 hours strenuous hike from the village base to the summit.:: SELECT YOUR EOLIAN ISLANDS TOUR


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