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YOU ARE IN   Home page - DESTINATIONS> VULCANO ISLAND
 

VULCANO ISLAND

 

Vulcano Island 

Country: Italy
Volcano number: 0101-05
Summit Elevation: 500 m
Latitude: 3840'4''N
Longitude: 149'62'E
Last eruption:1888-1890
Type: Stratovolcano


 

Vulcano island is the closest eolian island to the sicilian mainland. It's a deeply eroded cone with a deep crater at its center. Vulcano is the eponym of all volcanoes.

During the historical period, the Fossa cone and Vulcanello have been the site of frequent and vigorous eruptions having different eruptive style compared to Stromboli volcano or Etna volcano.

 

Vulcano island last eruption

The most recent eruption at Vulcano island is the 1888-1890 eruption from the Gran Cratere  or Fossa di Vulcano, a large crater truncating the Fossa cone. Such eruption, one of the best observed eruption (by prof. Silvestri) during XIX century, started on August 3rd 1889 ending (with several breaks) on March 1890.  Volcanologists use the 1888-1890 vulcano island eruption as model of the "vulcanian eruptions".

 

Vulcano island activity at nowdays

Recently, the Gran Cratere of the Fossa cone has been the site of volcanic unrest which began around 1985 and ended in 1995 without culminating in an eruption. Moreover, the most notably sign was an increase of the fumarolic activity. This episode has triggered increased public awareness about the volcanic risk at Vulcano and intense studies of the volcano. Geological studies have shown that most eruptions of the Fossa cone have been violently explosive and produced pyroclastic flows and surges. Future eruptions have to be expected to be of a similar character.

At nowdays a field of active fumaroles and extensive sulfur deposits lies in the northern-central portion of this crater. It provides a thrilling experience for those who dare to walk (or run) right across the gas plume emitted from the fumaroles. The vivid stench of sulfur dioxide within the plume is just the most evident indicator of toxic gases. It is advisable to stay as briefly as possible within the plume and better wear a gas mask. Prolonged stays in the plume may lead to undesirable effects, such as the (irreversible) loss of the sense of smell.

 

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