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Country: Italy - sicily
Volcano number: 0101-05
Summit Elevation: 500 m
Latitude: 3840'4''N
Longitude: 149'62'E
Last eruption:1888-1890
Type: Stratovolcano

Vulcano Island main cone


Vulcano island is not far from to the sicily's mainland. It's a deeply eroded cone with a deep crater at its center. Vulcano is the eponym of all volcanoes.

During the historical period, the Fossa cone and Vulcanello have been the site of frequent and vigorous eruptions having different eruptive style compared to Stromboli volcano or Etna volcano.


Vulcano island main crater and the fumarolic activity



Vulcano island last eruption

The most recent eruption took place in the 1888-1890 from the Gran Cratere  or Fossa di Vulcano, a large crater truncating the Fossa cone. Such eruption, one of the best observed eruption (by prof. Silvestri) during XIX century, started on August 3rd 1889 ending (with several breaks) on March 1890.  Volcanologists use the 1888-1890 eruption as model of the "vulcanian eruptions".

Vulcanello and Lipari island as seen from La Fossa crater rim

Vulcanello as seen from Vulcano crater rim

Vulcano island activity at nowdays

Recently, the Gran Cratere of the Fossa cone has been the site of volcanic unrest which began around 1985 and ended in 1995 without culminating in an eruption. Moreover, the most notably sign was an increase of the fumarolic activity. This episode has triggered increased public awareness about the volcanic risk at Vulcano island and intense studies of the volcano. Geological studies have shown that most eruptions of the Fossa cone have been violently explosive and produced pyroclastic flows and surges. Future eruptions have to be expected to be of a similar character.

At nowdays a field of active fumaroles and extensive sulfur deposits lies in the northern-central portion of this crater. It provides a thrilling experience for those who dare to walk (or run) right across the gas plume emitted from the fumaroles. The vivid stench of sulfur dioxide within the plume is just the most evident indicator of toxic gases. It is advisable to stay as briefly as possible within the plume and better wear a gas mask. Prolonged stays in the plume may lead to undesirable effects, such as the (irreversible) loss of the sense of smell.:: SELECT YOUR EOLIAN ISLANDS TOUR


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